Download A reference grammaer of the Novegradian language. Довѣднике by Martin Posthumus PDF

By Martin Posthumus

Novegradian is an artificially developed language, an test in language improvement and evolution set opposed to another his- torical timeline. In engaged on it, I sought to create anything practical, a language which may conceivably be visible as a modern day sibling to the opposite Slavic languages of jap Europe. The contents of this grammar weren't easily created out of skinny air; it concerned loads of examine into the opposite Slavic languages, their improvement, and the ancient linguistic heritage of the wider Slavic language relations, in addition to the Uralic languages that have been routinely spoken within the related territory because the actual outdated Novgorodian and my very own sleek Novegradian. many of the inherited vocabulary was once hand-derived from reconstructed universal Slavic, believed to be the ancestor of the entire modern day Slavic languages. loads of suggestion and energy was once placed into actually each be aware of this language. it's been a proj- ect of 4 years on the time of writing, and that i wish that point is mirrored within the caliber of the product.

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Extra info for A reference grammaer of the Novegradian language. Довѣднике по граматикѣ новеградескаево лизика

Example text

During this time the written standard of Novegradian was essentially Old Church Slavonic, introduced to Novegrad by the Orthodox Church and considered the language of educated speech throughout Kievan Rus’. The written language of Novegrad, at least among the more educated classes, was essentially Novegradian vocabulary combined with Old Church Slavonic spelling, which included a number of letters for sounds that had disappeared in Novegradian and for transcribing Greek loanwords. As a result, misspellings were quite frequent, especially amongst the less educated, as many sounds could be represented by multiple letters.

Before the rounded vowels /o u/, all plosives become slightly labialized. The exact realization of the palatal consonants /c ɟ/ varies quite a bit. [c ɟ] are considered the most proper forms, although the palatalized velars [kʲ gʲ] are generally regarded as an acceptable variant, particularly in regions where Novegradian is still widely learned as a second language, as in parts of Estonia, Finland, Karelia, and Komi; in these areas /c ɟ/ therefore are not distinguished from /k g/ before stressed front vowels.

They generally will not have any palatalized consonants whatsoever. There was a time when many consonant clusters forbidden in native words would be preserved, but nowadays there is a much greater tendency to adapt these to fit the Novegradian phonology. Many modern-day loans have two spellings, 22 S e ct i o n 2: P h o n o l o g y one more accurately reflecting the original pronunciation and one more accurately representing the nativized pronunciation. The rule of final devoicing still applies, however.

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