By Johanneke Caspers, Yiya Chen, Willemijn Heeren, Jos Pacilly, Niels O. Schiller, Ellen van Zanten
Above and past the Segments offers a different selection of experimental linguistic and phonetic examine. typically, it offers with the experimental method of prosodic, and extra particularly melodic, points of speech. however it additionally treats segmental phonetics and phonology, moment language studying, semantics and comparable themes.
Apart from eu languages and dialects (including Dutch, English, Greek, Danish, and dialects from Italy and The Netherlands) there are also chapters on areas as common as China, Russia, South Africa, South Sudan, and Surinam. those all testify the large variety of language and speech on the earth.
This publication is of distinct curiosity to linguists engaged on prosodic facets of speech generally and to these learning non-Western languages specifically.
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Extra info for Above and Beyond the Segments: Experimental linguistics and phonetics
At first sight the differences between the five groups of speakers are relatively small: the native speakers seem to produce fewer pitch accents than the non-native ones, and the number of doubtful pitch accents seems somewhat higher for the L2 speakers. Table 2 contains the absolute and relative numbers. 2. According to Landis & Koch (1977) this agreement is “substantial” to “almost perfect”. â•‡ Total number of unaccented words, doubtful cases and accented words per L1. â•‡ Number (and percentage) of unaccented words, words with a doubtful pitch accent and accented words broken down by L1 group.
The line-up might consist of approximately 10–20 fragments of maximally 20 seconds duration, and could look like this: 2. Ideally, foils should be from the same peer group as the speaker(s) under investigation; in particular, they should have a similar language background. Overall they should not sound too dissimilar from the speaker(s) under investigation. In the Netherlands, many cases involve wire-tapped telephone conversations, which often provide speech material from exceptionally suitable foils: the people with which the speaker(s) under investigation talk on the phone.
No influence of the suprasegmental plasticity of the L1 could be found, since there were no significant differences between the French and Hungarian L2 speakers on the one hand, and the Mandarin and Polish L2 speakers on the other hand. For the current group of intermediate second language speakers of Dutch the plasticity of the prosodic structure of their L1 does not seem to be of much influence on their L2 accentuation. Previous research showed that suprasegmental errors in L2 speech have a larger impact on judgments of comprehensibility and accentedness than segmental errors (cf.