By W. Sidney Allen
In Vox Latina and Vox Graeca Professor Allen was once involved essentially with the pronunciation of the person vowels and consonants of classical Latin and Greek. during this significant paintings he analyses intensive and intimately all of the prosodic gains of those languages: size of vowels and volume of syllables, accessory, pitch, pressure and 'rhythm', with exact awareness to their manifestations in verse. the outline and rationalization of such good points bring up theoretical difficulties of very common value and Professor Allen devotes the 1st a part of the publication to the institution of the phonetic ideas required as a body of reference for the explicit discussions of Latin and Greek. Parallels are stated from a couple of different languages, together with English. it is a ebook of everlasting value for college kids of classical languages and literatures and in addition for metricians, phoneticians and common linguists.
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Additional resources for Accent and Rhythm: Prosodic Features of Latin and Greek: A Study in Theory and Reconstruction
1 Pulgram similarly (1970, 11) remarks that the syllable has been widely employed without being de fined - ‘ on the assumption, it seems, that everyone knows what it is. ’ one is referred to O ’Connor & T rim 1953 (see below); the latter, however, as Crystal points out, make ‘ a complementary deliberate omission’ by taking no account of prosodic features. Phonological approaches A glance at the studies by Rosetti (1959) or Hâla (1961) or Laziczius (1961/1966) will give an idea of the multiplicity of views on the subject; but the most basic differentiation of the various approaches is that of 1 Cf.
Moreover, as Pike also recognizes, where as the former classification is universal, the latter is a flexible one, de pending on the characteristics of the particular languages. In this sense it might be considered as ‘ phonological’ , but it is based on the inter relationship between two phonetic parameters, the oral articulation and the syllabic process, a relationship w hich different languages may handle in rather different ways. 1 It has seemed worth while to devote some attention to the duality of criteria for the consonant/vowel classification even within phonetics; for confusion of these criteria is liable in turn to bedevil any attempt to understand the phonetic nature of the syllable.
G. Jones 1962, 47 §183, ‘ a voiced gliding sound in which the speech organs start b y producing a weakly articulated vowel of comparatively small inherent sonority and immediately change to another sound of equal or greater prominence. ’ Though such sounds did not occur in classical A ttic Greek, they were normal features o f Latin; the fact is, however, that from an articulatory point of view they were identifiable with the vowel sounds [i] and [u], and in Latin were so written, viz. , and with ambiguous value in v o l v i t .