By Karin Pittner, Daniela Elsner, Fabian Barteld
Adverbs as a observe type are notoriously tough to outline. the quantity bargains with the delimitation of this class, its inner constitution, the morphological makeup of adverbs and their positions in syntactic constructions. a more in-depth examine diachronic advancements sheds gentle at the features of adverbial word-formation. taking into consideration adverbs in German, English, Dutch, French and Italian, the contributions to this quantity supply new insights into the features of this heterogeneous and multi-faceted classification and may be of curiosity to linguists operating within the fields of morphology, syntax and language switch.
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Extra resources for Adverbs: Functional and diachronic aspects
Bloomfield 1933: 5, 17). As a consequence of their criticism, they demanded that the technique for the definition of categories of words should in all cases be the same and that the categories should be identified for each language separately, presuming that if languages have different structures their word categories are different as well (cf. g. : 190). The result of this reasoning was a description of categories of words as form classes or distribution classes in a given language. 9 According to this view, all the words that can occupy a given position in the structures of the sentences of a language belong to a particular form class of this language.
Hence the part-of-speech category adverb, though serving the same purpose as the others, nevertheless differs from these. e. it is not as firmly established in the minds of, say, language students, as the other part-ofspeech categories. This is evident from the fact that beyond the core of the category there is often uncertainty concerning the identification of adverbs, which may differ from language student to language student depending on which sources listing or discussing adverbs they have had access to.
On the other hand, determining the category membership of numerous items based on family resemblances allows for the categorization of a relatively large number of individual items, which satisfies the principle of maximum information. Hence the claim was that by forming cognitive categories with a prototypical structure, humans manage to process the enormous amount of information offered by their natural and artificial environments in a cognitively economical way. The same can be said concerning the categorization of the vocabulary of a language into parts of speech.