Download African Liberation Reader: Documents of the National by Aquino De Braganca, Immanuel Maurice Wallerstein PDF

By Aquino De Braganca, Immanuel Maurice Wallerstein

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Additional info for African Liberation Reader: Documents of the National Liberation Movements :Volume 2 The National Liberation Movements

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None of the ‘‘giants’’ of the independence era—Ahmadu Bello, Obafemi Awolowo, and Nnamdi Azikiwe—were military men. The Ironsi and Gowon coups and the civil war changed that. By the end of a bloody, difficult war, the military viewed itself as having saved the state, and its former professionalism withered. Many officers used their contacts to go into business. It became a maxim that all senior military officers were first and foremost businessmen. Military officers became a major element in the emerging national political class.

However, it is obvious that the associated benefits of growth were yet to trickle down to a large segment of our people. . The challenges of poverty, growing inequality, coupled with increasing graduate unemployment remain worrisome. . 21 The Roman Catholic archbishop of Abuja, John Onaiyekan, observed that the fuel oil subsidy so disliked by the internal financial institutions as a distortion in the market had represented a tiny resource transfer to the mass of the Nigerian people, who otherwise received little or nothing from the cur- .................

It spent too much when oil prices were high, cut back too slowly when oil dropped, and borrowed to make up the difference. 15 However, others I spoke with saw the problem as a result of not necessarily mismanagement and corruption but rather the lack of foreign investment flowing into the Nigerian economy. Considering the ‘‘statist’’ mind-set I often encountered, this was often viewed as the fault of international governments and not of domestic economic mismanagement. S. government did not ‘‘direct’’ American companies to invest in Nigeria.

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