By Y. Alex-Assensoh
This publication indicates how Africa's former colonial powers--including nice Britain, France, Portugal, and Spain--trained contributors and leaders of colonial militia to be politically nonpartisan. but, the modern day militia became so politicized that many nations are this present day governed or have already been governed through army dictators via coups d'etat, sometimes for stable purposes because the ebook issues out. This e-book lines the old and political evolution of those occasions and what bodes for Africa, the place the never-ending army incursions into partisan politics are involved.
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Additional info for African Military History and Politics: Ideological Coups and Incursions, 1900-Present
67 Africa’s Recent Colonial Past, 1900–1970 15 The Role of Christian and Islamic Religions: The West African Examples In many instances, colonialism and imperialism were seen in such negative terms by colonized peoples in Africa and other Third World places, including Asia and the Middle East, that even the religious aspirations of most of these colonized people were affected. That was particularly so where Christianity was concerned, as several postcolonial African leaders used their rhetorical skills to undermine the work of Christian missionaries, sometimes with a measure of justiﬁcation, as these emerging indigenous leaders recalled their early experiences with Christian missionaries, educational systems, and/or churches as colonial subjects or citizens had been forbidden from speaking their indigenous languages or dialects in schools.
Their citations indicated that Robeson was being an honored as a giant of the arts; Nkrumah spearheaded the modern phase of Africa’s decolonization struggles with Ghana’s independence in 1957; and that Azikiwe was one of the principal leaders of Nigeria’s anticolonial struggle, which culminated in Nigeria’s independence from Great Britain on October 1, 1960. At that point Azikwe became the country’s ﬁrst indigenous Governor-General and, later, ceremonial President. 50 In the mindset of colonialists and neocolonialists, Blacks in Africa and those in the diaspora deserved similar treatment for their radicalism, and that is why the examples of DuBois, Robeson, and others are very important here, if just for illustrative purposes.
This was typical in many of the postcolonial regimes, including that of Nkrumah’s Ghana. In Ghana, the leadership of the National Liberation Movement (NLM) and, later, the United Party (UP), both of which were ethnic-based opposition political parties, was approved by former colonial powers. Sometimes, the true nature of the external power behind a political and ideological opposing force in an African country becomes clear only after the overthrow of a particular regime through an armed insurrection or a coup d’etat.