Download AI '88: 2nd Australian Joint Artificial Intelligence by William J. Clancey (auth.), Christopher J. Barter, Michael PDF

By William J. Clancey (auth.), Christopher J. Barter, Michael J. Brooks (eds.)

The huge aim of this convention sequence is to carry company, and researchers jointly to contemplate the present actions and destiny capability of man-made intelligence, encompassing either sensible and theoretical matters. Many papers have been submitted, together with a few from Canada, France, united kingdom, united states, Sweden, Italy and Thailand.

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Additional resources for AI '88: 2nd Australian Joint Artificial Intelligence Conference Adelaide, Australia, November 15–18, 1988 Proceedings

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The Standard Model predicts that if heavy enough, the top quark will decay nearly all the time into a W and a bottom quark. So a top and antitop, if created, should generate two Ws, a bottom and an antibottom. Unfortunately, neither the Ws nor the bottom quarks can be directly observed. The W’s lifetime is about the same as the top’s. The bottom, too, is unstable, though much longer lived than the top. Moreover, individual—or “bare”— quarks are never seen. The strong force, which binds the quarks together, ensures Scientific American September 1997 Copyright 1997 Scientific American, Inc.

If such partners exist and are lighter than the top, they might show up in top events. For instance, a top may decay to its own supersymmetric partner (the “stop”). Or supersymmetry could allow a gluino (hypothetical partner to a gluon) to decay into a top-antitop pair. Such effects might even cancel each other out, leading to no net change in the observed production of tops and antitops. Supersymmetry predicts not just one Higgs but a family of four or more. If they exist and are lighter than the top, some of these particles could be found in top decays.

Force is transmitted by a different set of particles: the W, Z, photon and gluons. The W and Z “bosons” transmit the weak nuclear force, involved in radioactive decays. For instance, an up quark may change into a down quark by emitting a W particle, which then decays into a quark or lepton pair. The photon transmits the electromagnetic force, which at high energies is unified with the weak force. The gluons transmit the strong force that binds up and down quarks into protons and neutrons. L. T.

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