By M. Getzner
Tools for elevating expertise of the way human’s price the surroundings variety from financial valuation via to larger public participation in judgements. during this book a workforce of overseas specialists discover cutting edge choices that are severely evaluated and in comparison. classes are drawn from either the successes and screw ups of alternative techniques. Case stories tackle a wide selection of innovative environmental difficulties from agro-forestry and wetlands to weather switch, biodiversity and genetically changed organisms.
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Additional resources for Alternatives for Environmental Evaluation (Routledge Explorations in Environmental Economics)
Lazo et al. (1992) present a methodology for CVM questionnaires in order to design a shortened version, which can efficiently be administered to a large sample without loss of information. Thus, value construction is not considered as a major problem of the CVM methodology by some researchers but something that needs to be taken into account when designing surveys (McDaniels and Roessler 1998). In the case of CVM surveys eliciting monetary values for natural goods like biodiversity, it is of great interest to determine to what extent respondents are used to, and influenced by, such questions.
Additionally, a question on the respondent’s vote on a public referendum regarding the introduction of an earmarked nature protection tax in Carinthia was included. A final set of questions tried to reveal respondents’ attitudes comprising the ‘extended’ WTP model, asking for lexicographic preferences as well as the abovediscussed distinction between social role and epistemological questions (results for the most important questions of these survey sections, including the wording of the questions, are presented below).
Four groups of variables are included in the analysis. g. g. knowledge concerning biodiversity, donations to environmental organizations, memberships). g. whether hypothetical bias has been explicitly mentioned in the survey by ‘cheap talk’) but also respondent’s beliefs about the CVM setting. Finally, C comprises arguments regarding ‘subjective’ perceptions and citizen’s values about the social context of the survey. These variables include the respondent’s opinions about the outcome of the referendum and the consumer–citizen dichotomy.